May 19, 2024

DealBook: A Myspace Founder Builds Again, Buying Game Companies

Chris DeWolfe's new company, MindJolt, has more than $20 million in revenue and 20 million monthly users.Monica Almeida/The New York TimesChristopher T. DeWolfe, a co-founder of Myspace, has a new company, MindJolt.

Just days after the online game company MindJolt moved into its Los Angeles headquarters in March 2010, rain started to pour through the ceiling.

Christopher T. DeWolfe, the chief executive, and his small team of engineers frantically grabbed towels and buckets to protect the computers.

“When you’re working with a big company, you’re used to having a facilities manager and assistant,” said Mr. DeWolfe, who bought MindJolt in March with the help of the venture capital firm Austin Ventures. “It reminded me that you have to dig in and you have to do a lot of work yourself.”

Mr. DeWolfe, 45, is a long way from his days at Myspace, the once dominant social network that he co-founded and later left abruptly in 2009, a few years after it was bought by the News Corporation. Instead of a plush executive suite with a view of the Beverly Hills sign, he now sits two miles away, in a bare-bones office facing a parking lot.

He has also traded the challenges of a fallen social networking giant for a small upstart at the beginning of its life. While Myspace continues to lose money, MindJolt, a profitable enterprise with more than $20 million in revenue and 20 million monthly users, continues to expand its base.

In the latest sign of its ambitions, MindJolt acquired two game companies last week, Social Gaming Network and Hallpass Media, effectively doubling its staff to 80 and adding mobile games to its stable of Web offerings.

And more acquisitions will come, says Mr. DeWolfe, who is considered to be one of the many bidders weighing a purchase of Myspace, according to one person close to the deal, who asked not to be named because talks are private.

“The deals diversify us in a huge way, and it positions us very well for the future, in terms of the growth of the smartphone market,” Mr. DeWolfe said. He declined to comment on a possible takeover of Myspace but said it was a very “interesting” asset.

The News Corporation ousted Mr. DeWolfe as the chief executive of Myspace in 2009, as revenue fell and Facebook rose. While Myspace was losing momentum when he left, it still had more unique visitors in the United States than Facebook. In 2008, the Fox Interactive division, largely Myspace, posted revenue of $856 million.

Since then, Myspace has tumbled spectacularly.

After losing the social media crown to Facebook in late 2009, Myspace hemorrhaged users and cash, prompting its parent company to cut its staff and, finally, put it up for sale this year. While there are several bidders, few think it will fetch more than $100 million, according to two people familiar with the negotiations, who spoke anonymously because talks are private.

Although the capricious nature of the social Web led to the rapid descent of Myspace, its founders hope the same fluidity will work in their favor. MindJolt is an underdog in a multibillion-dollar online game market dominated by names like Zynga, the creator of Farmville, and Electronic Arts.

With its latest acquisitions, MindJolt is building its user network and breaking into the increasingly lucrative mobile entertainment market.

Hallpass Media, a game portal, will add four million monthly users and about 1,500 Web-based games to MindJolt’s portfolio. Its other purchase, Social Gaming Network, a creator of several popular iPhone and Android games (with 30 million downloads), will give MindJolt an edge in mobile devices. The deals will also push the game portal into the business of creating its own games, making it a closer competitor to larger, hit-driven studios like Zynga.

The acquisitions come as more publishers are trying to increase their footprint in mobile entertainment, which also represents an opportunity to be less dependent on social sites like Facebook. The mobile entertainment industry is expected to grow 15 percent, to $38 billion, this year, according to a recent report by Juniper Research.

“Initially, a lot of energy was spent on games on the Web, through platforms like Facebook,” said Shervin Pishevar, the founder and executive chairman of Social Gaming Network. “But over the past year, what we’ve seen is that a lot of that activity is going into mobile. We’ve reached a tipping point.”

Founded in 2008, Social Gaming Network had previously raised $18 million from several prominent backers like Google’s executive chairman, Eric Schmidt, and Amazon’s chief executive, Jeff Bezos.

As young game companies like MindJolt rush into the market, some analysts say, it will be difficult for them to compete with well-capitalized giants. Now, mobile makes up only a sliver of Zynga’s revenue, the bulk of which comes from Facebook. But Zynga, which has raised hundreds of millions of dollars from big investors like Google, is spending heavily on the area.

“It’s early in mobile, but Zynga is going to be a big player in mobile, period, end of sentence,” said Lou Kerner, an analyst at Wedbush Securities.

Despite the challenges, Mr. DeWolfe is taking a lesson from his experience at Myspace as he moves forward with MindJolt. In a recent interview by phone, Mr. DeWolfe and Colin Digiaro, the chief operating officer and a fellow Myspace founder, were quick to offer a list of Myspace errors, including the early focus on revenue and undisciplined expansion. Since taking the reins at MindJolt, the team has invested heavily in an analytical technology that can measure users’ reactions to ad placements.

But Mr. DeWolfe says perhaps his greatest insight comes from selling Myspace to the News Corporation in 2005, just two years after Myspace began — and all the distractions that came with being part of a public company.

“Facebook didn’t have an arm tied behind their back. They didn’t have the same pressure,” he said. “Myspace prioritized revenue and profits over user experience.”

That is not to say he would not consider selling MindJolt at some point.

“We are in no hurry with this one. We really want to get it right,” Mr. DeWolfe said. However, “If there was a right time and right price down the road — definitely down the road — we would look at it.”

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